Yerevan (sometimes spelled Erevan, Erivan, Jerewan, Jerevan, etc.) has a long-long history of thousands of years, dating back to the rise of oldest civilizations in the world.
Yerevan is situated in the north-eastern part of the Ararat Valley. The upland Yerevan is fringed by mountains on three sides, and only to the south it freely descends down to the Arax River Valley. With its rugged terrain, Yerevan displays a 400m disparity between its lowest and highest points. The city is divided into two by Hrazdan River that flows in a picturesque canyon. The climate in Yerevan is dry and strictly continental.
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Today’s Yerevan is a big and beautiful city, and has a population of more than a million and a quarter.
The central part of the city involves three main squares: the Republic Square, the Shahumian Square and the Azatutian (Liberty) Square. The Republic Square is the gemstone of the city. The city is framed with the buildings of the Government, of some ministries and Armenia Marriott hotel, designed by Alexander Tamanian in the best traditions of the Armenian architecture to make up a beautiful ensemble. The History Museum and the Art Gallery are also to be found on the Republic Square.
The Azatutyan Square is adjacent to the State Opera and Ballet House making up another picturesque ensemble.
The Hrazdan Stadium and the Victory Bridge with the Wine and Brandy factories represent another composition genuinely fitting into the beautiful Hrazdan canyon. Mashtots Avenue, one of the main arteries of the city, starts here. It then goes up north, ending at the steps of Matenadaran - a unique research institute and museum of ancient manuscripts named after Mesrop Mashtots, the creator of the Armenian alphabet. High up the hill, behind Matenadaran, the monumental statue of Mother Armenia stands on a vigil over the panorama of the city.
The Baghramian Avenue will take you further to the north and will bring you to the buildings of the Academy of Sciences, of the National Assembly and some Embassies.
On the Tsitsernakaberd Hill with the panoramic view of the capital the Memorial to the Victims of the Genocide of 1915. The Homes Sports and Concerts Center (shortly called Hamalir in Yerevan) is also here. A cascade of staircases and fountains connects the Center with the Kievian Bridge and transport communications.
The Sports and Concerts Center (Hamalir) is a multifunctional construction. It has two halls, with 5000 and 1300 seats, with a common rotating stage between them. The arena in the Sports Hall can be transformed into a skating-rink. Visitors of the Armenian capital can enjoy walking the city streets and see many historical and cultural sights.
Quite a number of cozy parks and public gardens accentuate 106 various colors and shades of tufa stone, the main construction material used in Yerevan. Visitors of the capital can also take their time in many cafes and small restaurants and enjoy the rich Armenian cuisine, the famous Armenian brandy and good wines.
In 2001 the Armenian people celebrated the 1700th anniversary of adoption of Christianity in Armenia. Many festivities took place in Yerevan and other cities in Armenia.
Yerevan is quite famous as a host of many international events, such as symposia, conferences, festivals, sports competitions. In September-October of 1996 it hosted the 32nd World Chess Olympiad and the 67th Congress of FIDE.
Visitors can buy a great variety of souvenirs in the stores and art bazaars. On weekends the art fair in Vernisage provides a choice of paintings and artifacts made of obsidian, silver, gold, wood, etc.
Zvartnots international airport is the main gateway to Yerevan and the country. Its circular design and gorgeous construction are much impressive.
Visiting Yerevan will leave you with unforgettable impressions about an ancient and, at the same time, modern city.
source: Booklet "General Armenia Information" issued by Ministry of Industry and Trade of Armenia.